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Christian Ethics


Ethics is a natural duty to be kept as a human being.
Because of ethics and reason, humans are different from animals that act instinctively.
If reason is logical, ethics is willful.
Ethics is the motivation of human conscience, and it is the right thing to do even if you lose.

Ethics is largely divided into personal ethics according to personal beliefs, social ethics according to social norms, and religious ethics according to religious teachings.
Christian ethics is to judge and act right and wrong based on the Words of God in the Bible.
Christian ethics is similar to personal ethics and social ethics, but there are some conflicts.

Murder, burglary, injury, and lies are all unethical acts because they harm others.
However, sexual problems such as adultery, homosexuality, incest, and prostitution do not harm others, so different principles are applied according to individuals and society.

But the Bible sees all but the normal physical relationship of a married couple as sins.
It is socially recommended to make a lot of money and become rich, but in the Bible, it is a sin to be rich without giving mercy.
It is biblically an idolatry to bow to a Buddha, to ask a shaman.


1. Characteristics of Christian ethics

a) Basic principles


Matt.7:12 "Therefore, whatever you want men to do to you, do also to them, for this is the Law and the Prophets.

It is a phrase that explains why humans need ethics.
whatever you want men to do to you, do also to them, it is basic principle of ethics.
No one want that else lie to me, torment me, hurt me.
And I hope that else help me, respect me, and love me.

Therefore, it is the principle of ethics to do good without doing evil to others.
This ethical consciousness comes from good conscience and heart of empathy.
Conscience makes you feel guilty if you harm others, and when you do good, you feel joy.
The sympathetic mind makes feel the joy and sadness of others.


Luke6:45 "A good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart brings forth evil. For out of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaks.

But because of the selfish and violent nature of humans, it is easier to do evil than to do good to others.
So Jesus encourages us to stock good treasures in our hearts and do good deeds naturally rather than forcefully do good.
People who are filled with hate, greed, envy, and doubt in their hearts will cause confusion wherever they go.
On the other hand, people who are full of love, compassion, patience, and temperance in their hearts will harmonize wherever they go.


b) Pursue absolute good!

Matt.5:44 "But I say to you, love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who spitefully use you and persecute you, 

Because humans are relative beings, they make judgments on good and evil from their own standpoint.
So we do good to those who are close to us and do evil to those who are hostile to us.
Therefore, hate, theft, assault and disputes are constantly happening between humans.
But because God is an absolute being, we also want us to do absolute good, like Jesus.

Jesus told me to love my enemies, to bless those who curse me, to treat those who hate me, and to pray for those who persecute me.
It is hard not to hate the enemy that harms me, but it seems impossible to love.
This is impossible in the state of the body, and it is possible when you are born again and feel sorry for the person with the love of God.
Jesus set an example by forgiving those who persecute him.


c) Never do evil!

 Rom.12:17 Repay no one evil for evil. Have regard for good things in the sight of all men.

God never wants us to do evil in any situation.
People think it is not a crime to beat someone who is wrong, lie when things are disadvantageous, or steal things from extreme poverty.
But Christians should never do anything that harms others, even if I am unfair and damaging.


d) Don't revenge, but forgive indefinitely

Matt.18:21~22 Then Peter came to Him and said, "Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Up to seven times?"
Jesus said to him, "I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven.

Jesus told his disciples to forgive his brother's sins indefinitely.
If your brother repents of his fault, you must forgive him, not revenge.
This is the reward for God's grace for forgiving all my sins.
If I do not forgive my brother's sin, God will not forgive my sin.



2. Details of Christian ethics

a) Greed

James1:15 Then, when desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full-grown, brings forth death.

The cause of many sins is due to excessive greed.
Greed is one of the human nature, but more than necessary greed harms others and eventually destroys itself.
You should be satisfied with what you have and not envy or covet others' possessions.


b) theft

Ex.20:15 "You shall not steal.

If you do not abandon your greed, you will steal something from others.
God especially hates extorting the property of the poor.


c) envy

James3:14 But if you have bitter envy and self-seeking in your hearts, do not boast and lie against the truth.

Envy is hating others prosperous.
If you overcome envy with love and understanding, you will be happy together without envying others.


d) hate, fury

1John3:15 Whoever hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

Hate is dislike others.
Hate is the opposite concept of love, like murder committed in the mind.
There are many causes of hate, mainly due to sadness, doubt, wounds, and contempt.
To overcome hatred, we must forgive our brothers and embrace them with the love of Christ.


e) Murder

Ex.20:13 "You shall not murder.

Murder that takes other people's live is the greatest sin specified in the Ten Commandments.
There are many reasons for murder: hate, anger, revenge, robbery, but no reason can justify murder.
Because humans have the attacking instinct, so anger makes it easy to commit murder.


f) Idol worship

Rev.21:8 "But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death."

Ex.20:4 "You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth;

There are idol worshippers among those who are punished the lake of fire after the last judgment.
The Ten Commandments say that no shape is made (for religious purpose).
People tend to serve idols than believing in the invisible God.


g) arrogance

1Cor.8:1 Now concerning things offered to idols: We know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge puffs up, but love edifies.

 Pride means overestimating yourself and disrespecting others to boast about yourself.
Even if you have talent, material, and honor, you can never be arrogant as a fragile human being who can not see the near future.
A proud person exaggerate his story and lies.
Arrogant man is full of confidence and does not believe in God.


h) humble

Matt.11:29 "Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.

Luke14:11 "For whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted."

Humility is the mind to lower yourself and raise your opponent, and not to boast of your talents or materials.
God defeats the arrogant and joins the humble.
Jesus, the son of God, came down and showed humility to serve the small one.
The arrogant who raises himself is hated by people, but the humble who lowers himself is respected.


i) lust, immorality, lewdness

Matt.5:28 "But I say to you that whoever looks at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

1Cor.6:18 Flee sexual immorality. Every sin that a man does is outside the body, but he who commits sexual immorality sins against his own body.

Humans, like animals, have sexual instincts for reproduction.
In principle, sexual relationships between men and women can be made by married couples to have children.
Sexual desire is lust, sexual behavior is sexual immorality, and pervert sexual behavior is lewdness.
When sexual desire is used for pleasure, it commits crimes such as prostitution, sexual harassment.


j) Adultery

Matt.5:32 "But I say to you that whoever divorces his wife for any reason except sexual immorality causes her to commit adultery; and whoever marries a woman who is divorced commits adultery.

Ex.20:14 "You shall not commit adultery.

Adultery means that a married person has a sexual relationship with another person.
Married couples have a duty to love only the other person for the rest of their lives.
But over time, if you get tired or fight and get away, it becomes easier to adulterate.
Adultery is a sin that should never be committed because it causes great betrayal and wounds to spouses and children and destroys the family.


k) homosexuality

1Cor.6:9~10 Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived. Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor homosexuals, nor sodomites, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners will inherit the kingdom of God.

Deut.22:5 "A woman shall not wear anything that pertains to a man, nor shall a man put on a woman's garment, for all who do so are an abomination to the LORD your God.

God wants us to live in the nature of our original creation.
Men and women are supposed to depend on each other, love each other, marry and raise children.
However, homosexuality, which has sexual relations with same sex, is a great sin against God's providence.
It is not desirable for a man to have long hair like a woman.

It is also a social problem, such as AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases due to homosexuality, and no healthy family is formed.
Recently, same-sex marriage has been legalized in developed countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom.
Even man secrete female hormones and women secrete male hormones, so anyone can fall into the temptation of same-sex love.
Therefore, we must overcome with the power of the Holy Spirit and the power of prayer so that we do not fall into the obscene culture of the end of the world.


l) divorce

Mark10:6~9 "But from the beginning of the creation, God 'made them male and female.'
'For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife,
and the two shall become one flesh'; so then they are no longer two, but one flesh.
"Therefore what God has joined together, let not man separate."

Mark10:11~12 So He said to them, "Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her.
"And if a woman divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery."

Recently, divorces between married couples for various reasons are rapidly increasing.
When a man and a woman marry, they become spiritually one body, so they can not be divided again.
So divorce is a great sin that can not be tolerated for any reason.
Even if you remarry after divorce, it is an adultery because God did not allow divorce.
Rather than divorce with instant feelings, couples should understand and forgive each other.


j) lie

Rev.21:27 But there shall by no means enter it anything that defiles, or causes an abomination or a lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb's Book of Life.

Ex.20:16 "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

Lie is to tell a false to others deliberately for their own benefit.
Jesus said that a liar cannot enter heaven.
The Ten Commandments also prohibit lying to neighbors.


k) evil speaking

Matt.5:22 "But I say to you that whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment. And whoever says to his brother, 'Raca!' shall be in danger of the council. But whoever says, 'You fool!' shall be in danger of hell fire.

Eph.4:31 Let all bitterness, wrath, anger, clamor, and evil speaking be put away from you, with all malice.

It is also a great sin to be angry, abusive, or fooled by your brother.
The profanity comes out when there is hatred, anger, resentment, complaint in the mind.
Therefore, you must be filled with love, forgiveness, patience, and peace in the heart with faith.
When you talk, you have to understand the other person and be kind to him in a soft language.


l) judge

Matt.7:1~3 "Judge not, that you be not judged.
"For with what judgment you judge, you will be judged; and with the measure you use, it will be measured back to you.
"And why do you look at the speck in your brother's eye, but do not consider the plank in your own eye?

Rom.14:10 But why do you judge your brother? Or why do you show contempt for your brother? For we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.

Humans like to make easy judgments about others and gossip about his mistakes..
You must first reflect on your mistakes before criticizing others' mistakes.
The sin of judging the brother is held responsible in the judgment seat of Christ.


m) swear

Matt.5:34~35 "But I say to you, do not swear at all: neither by heaven, for it is God's throne;
"nor by the earth, for it is His footstool; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.


n) hypocrisy

Luke12:1 In the meantime, when an innumerable multitude of people had gathered together, so that they trampled one another, He began to say to His disciples first of all, "Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.


o) drunkenness, lewdness

Rom.13:13 Let us walk properly, as in the day, not in revelry and drunkenness, not in lewdness and lust, not in strife and envy.

If you drink a lot, you are likely to become profligate, make mistakes, assault, or sexually corrupt.
Salvation is to be transformed into a spiritual person from the the body, but alcohol should be kept away because it strengthens the body.
Once you avoid drinking friends and overcome temptation by religious life or exercise.
Christians should achieve spiritual holiness with the help of the Holy Spirit rather than pursuing the pleasure of the body with the power of alcohol.


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