Satan has defied God's providence, has corrupted people, and has deceived mankind with all kinds of schemes.
2. Silver empire: Persia; 539-331 BC
Dan.2:39 "But after you shall arise another kingdom inferior to yours; then another, a third kingdom of bronze, which shall rule over all the earth.
3. Bronze empire: Greece; 331-168 BC
Chapter 2 - Metal Image
Chapter 7 - 4 Beasts
Lion with eagle's wings
Silver breast and arms
a bear with three ribs
a bronze stomah and thigh
4-winged 4-headed leopard
2 iron legs
a terrible beast with iron teeth
division of empire
1. First beast - Lion with eagle's wings - New Babylonia
Dan.7:4 "The first was like a lion, and had eagle's wings. I watched till its wings were plucked off; and it was lifted up from the earth and made to stand on two feet like a man, and a man's heart was given to it.
1. Babylon is symbolized as a lion, and it is also shown in the sculpture of Babylon wall.
The Bible also described Babylon as a lion in the forest, and as a fierce eagle.
2. However, Babylon, an aggressive early lion in the founding country, later became fragile with a human mind and disappeared.
3 Babylon became an empire when Nebuchadnezzar was crowned, but it was destroyed by Persia in 539 BC, in 70 years later.
A bear characterized by slow, persistent, indefatigable bravery and cruelty, is appropriate to represent Persia.
In particular, the nature of Persia's foolish law, which can not be changed forever once enacted, is well suited to the characteristics of bears.
1 The expression "Bear was raised up on one side," indicates that this country was made up of two countries that were not balanced.
Media and Persha were the same races, co-existing around the Iranian plateau, but the Medae was absorbed by Persha by the capture of the Medae capital Ecbatana around 550 BC.
2 The expression "three ribs were bitten between the teeth of the mouth" of the bear reveals the three countries to be conquered by Perisia.
Cyrus conquered Lydia, a power-nation of Asia Minor, ruled by Croesus, in December 547 BC.
After eight years of strengthening national power, Cyrus finally conquered Babylon, the ruler of Mesopotamia, in 539 BC.
King Cambyses II, who succeeded his father Cyrus became an empire by conquering Egypt in 525 BC
3 "devour much flesh" means Persia fought a lot of wars to secure a wider territory.
3. The third beast - 4 headed leopard - Greece
Dan.7:6 "After this I looked, and there was another, like a leopard, which had on its back four wings of a bird. The beast also had four heads, and dominion was given to it.
1. A leopard is a small but fast and brave beast.
In addition, the wings that symbolize rapid action emphasize agility.
The Greek army led by Alexander the Great moved quickly and conquered a wide world.
Following his father Philip, Alexander, who was crowned at the age of 20, was 22 years old. In 334, with 35,000 troops and 70 Dalant military funds, consisting of a long spear-using Palanx infantry unit and cavalry, they crossed the Hellespont Strait to conquer Persia.
The Greek army defeated Persia in the Issus War of 333 B.C. to take control of the small Asiatic region.
In 332 BC, Alexander conquered Egypt and became a pharaoh himself.
In 331 BC, Persia was destroyed in the Battle of Arbela by the Greek army.
In 330 B.C. the Greeks marched eastward and conquered India.
Alexander tries to advance further across the Indus River, but returns to Babylon by the entreaties of his men to return.
In 323 B.C. Alexander who suffered from heavy drinking, died at 33 years of age from fever.
It's amazing that all of this was done by a young man in his 20s within 10 years.
2. Why is the leopard has 4 head?
The head represents a leader.
Alexander, who was ahead of death, told about his successor that "a strong man will take over".
After Alexander died at a young age without leaving a successor, the Great Empire became a battlefield for powerful men.
Selucus received Persian territory from Brigia to India, and Lysimachus received Asia Minor and Thrace,
Ptolemy made Egypt and Palestine his kingdom, and Cassander was the king of Macedonia and Greece.
In this way, Alexander's empire was divided into four kingdoms:
Alexander's empire, divided into four, was later absorbed by the Roman Empire, the fourth beast, one by one.
4. Fourth beast - fearful and strong beast - Roman Empire
Dan.7:7 "After this I saw in the night visions, and behold, a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, exceedingly strong. It had huge iron teeth; it was devouring, breaking in pieces, and trampling the residue with its feet. It was different from all the beasts that were before it, and it had ten horns.
Dan.7:23 "Thus he said: 'The fourth beast shall be A fourth kingdom on earth, Which shall be different from all other kingdoms, And shall devour the whole earth, Trample it and break it in pieces.
1) Iron Empire
Represented as a dreaded beast with iron teeth, Rome is known as the Iron Empire.
2) A beast with ten horns
Dan.7:24 The ten horns are ten kings Who shell arise from this Kingdom. And another shell rise after them; He shell be different from the first ones, And shell subdue three kings.
This ten horns were given the interpretation: "ten kings Who shell arise from this Kingdom".
This ten horns were given the following properties:
Independent countries to be separated from the Roman Empire
Countries to be established within the realm of the Roman Empire
Countries to be built with the fall of the Roman Empire
Countries to survive for a considerable period of time until the seccond coming of Christ
c) small horn
Let's find out about the small horn that came out of the ten horns of the scary and amazing beast.
Dan.7:8 "I was considering the horns, and there was another horn, a little one, coming up among them, before whom three of the first horns were plucked out by the roots. And there, in this horn, were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking pompous words.
Dan.7:24~25 The ten horns are ten kings Who shall arise from this kingdom. And another shall rise after them; He shall be different from the first ones, And shall subdue three kings.
He shall speak pompous words against the Most High, Shall persecute the saints of the Most High, And shall intend to change times and law. Then the saints shall be given into his hand For a time and times and half a time.
1. The identity of small horn
a. It happens in Rome.
b. It happens after the beast (Roman Empire) is divided into ten horns (ten countries).
c. It has the same point as other ten countries (horns), but it is different in that it has eyes and mouth.
Small horn is a kingdom ruled by the king.
d. It is arrogant, such as confronting God in big words.
e. Change the time and the law at will.
F. It is a force that will persecute God's true people for a long time.
g. The prime period to be survived is "one, two, and half" or 1260 years.
The kingdom that meets the above seven conditions is Roman Catholic.
2. Seven churches of Revelation;
Revelation was written by John the Apostle in Island in A.D.96.
Revelation is mainly about the end of the world, and Jesus encouraged and rebuked the Seven Churches.
These seven churches represent the "characteristics" of the seven churches that will appear until Christ comes back.
So let's look at the flow of the seven Christian churches.
Ephesus church (Rev. 2:1-7)
Rev.2:4 "Nevertheless I have this against you, that you have left your first love.
The part that Christ reproachs for this church is "forsake of first love."
Jesus want them to repent and do the first works.
Rev.2:6 "But this you have, that you hate the deeds of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate.
The purpose of Nicolaitans is to establish a "Clergy System" within the church:
This is to separate the lay believer and the clergy and to rule people, and Jesus hates it.
Because the head of the church is only Jesus Christ, and all believers are equal.
The Ephesus Church was not deceived by this authoritarianism, and found that they were liars and false apostles.
The Ephesus Church contains the general characteristics of the early church from 30 A.D. to 70 A.D.
2. Smyrna Church
Rev.2:10 "Do not fear any of those things which you are about to suffer. Indeed, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested, and you will have tribulation ten days. Be faithful until death, and I will give you the crown of life.
The devil is about to throw some of christians into prison, that they may be tested, and they will have tribulation ten days.
Be faithful until death, and Jesus will give them the crown of life.
"10 days" are symbol of "10 great persecutions" that began in 64 A.D. in Nero until 310 A.D. in Iocledian during the reign of the Roman Empire.
3. Pergamos church (Rev 2:12-17)
Rev.2:14 "But I have a few things against you, because you have there those who hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balak to put a stumbling block before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed to idols, and to commit sexual immorality.
In Pergamos churh there are those who hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balak to put a stumbling block before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed to idols, and to commit sexual immorality.
Rev.2:15 "Thus you also have those who hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which thing I hate.
In Pergamos church there were those who hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which thing Jesus hate.
This period is from A.D.312, when the accession of Constantine the Great began, to the time of Boniface III's rise to the position of "Universial Bishop" in A.D. 606.
4. Thyatira church
Rev.2:20 "Nevertheless I have a few things against you, because you allow that woman Jezebel, who calls herself a prophetess, to teach and seduce My servants to commit sexual immorality and eat things sacrificed to idols.
Jesus's rebuke for the Thyatira Church was not only because they tolerated a woman called "Jezeebel," who calls herself a prophetess, in the church, but also because they let her to teach and seduce people to commit sexual misconduct.
She seduced people to eat sacrifice dedicated to idols.
Jezebel married Ahab, the king of Israel, as the princess of the Kingdom of Tyre, who served the idol.
Jezebel forced Israel to worship Baal, and killed prophets of all states he knew.
In the New Testament era, there is only the Pope who has committed the evil act of serving idols like Isabel in the church and acted as a prophet.
Catholics became idolaters by worshiping Mary, similar to the goddess Asdarod, who was served by Jezebel.
This period is from A.D. 606 until 1520, when the Reformation took place.
5. Sardis church
Rev.3:1~33 "And to the angel of the church in Sardis write, 'These things says He who has the seven Spirits of God and the seven stars: "I know your works, that you have a name that you are alive, but you are dead.
"Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die, for I have not found your works perfect before God.
"Remember therefore how you have received and heard; hold fast and repent. Therefore if you will not watch, I will come upon you as a thief, and you will not know what hour I will come upon you.
Jesus says that Sardis Church lived by name but actually died.
This church has only form and doctrine, but there is no life.
The church without God's ability and life has only formal worship.
Religious reformers removed the false doctrines of Roman Catholicism, but they did not completely escape Roman Catholic traditions such as baptism and classism.
They turned people's minds from idols to God, but they did not wait for Jesus's return.
The Sardis Church lasted from A.D.1520 to 1750.
6. Philadelphia church (Rev. 3:7-13)
Rev.3:8 "I know your works. See, I have set before you an open door, and no one can shut it; for you have a little strength, have kept My word, and have not denied My name.
Rev.3:10 "Because you have kept My command to persevere, I also will keep you from the hour of trial which shall come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth.
The word Philadelphia means brotherly love.
This church is a church that emphasizes the love between brothers.
There are three references to this church.
First, they had a little strength but they kept jesus' word without denying Jesus.
In this era, they had a spiritual revival.
This revival was initiated by George Whitefield in 1739 A.D., followed by John Wesley, Charles Finney and DL Moody.
Second, they had an open door in front of them and no one could close it.
In 1793, William Carey went to India by boat, shouting world missions, where he opened the door of missions.
Soon after, the Lord continued to open the doors to China, Japan, Korea, Africa and several small islands.
Third, you have exempted the time of the test, because you kept the word of patience.
This test is about the tribulations that will come to the whole world.
Philadelphia church is the only church among the seven to be praised.
The Philadelphia church period is from 1750 to 1900.
7. Laodiceans church (Rev. 3:14-22)
This church is a church that has received no praise from Christ and has only heard the blame.
Rev.3:15~16 "I know your works, that you are neither cold nor hot. I could wish you were cold or hot.
"So then, because you are lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will vomit you out of My mouth.
The characteristic of the Laodiceans Church is that it is not cold nor hot, but lukewarm, and Jesus vomits them out of his mouth.
This is because their faith life is not active, but passive, complacent and formal.
Most christians think that they fulfilled their duty to believe in ideological salvation and to attend worship.
Rev.3:17 "Because you say, 'I am rich, have become wealthy, and have need of nothing' and do not know that you are wretched, miserable, poor, blind, and naked.
The Laodiceans Church symbolizes the modern church, and they are externally rich and perfect, but spiritually poor and miserable.
Modern large churches have built magnificent church buildings, and they boast colorful windows, beautiful choirs, and many members.
But they don't know they're secularized because they don't pursue holiness.
Rev.3:18 "I counsel you to buy from Me gold refined in the fire, that you may be rich; and white garments, that you may be clothed, that the shame of your nakedness may not be revealed; and anoint your eyes with eye salve, that you may see.
To buy gold refied in the fire from Jesus and to be rich is means to realize the truth by participating in Jesus' crucifixion suffering.
Buying white clothes and not letting your naked figures be revealed is means being a model for repentance and righteous behavior.
To anoint your eyes with eye salve is means to be born again and to see spiritually.
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